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This paper examines the issue of gender discrimination faced by working women in Pakistan.

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Introduction

This paper examines the issue of gender discrimination faced by working women in Pakistan. It examines the impact of inequality on the careers of women due to gender discrimination in hiring, promotions and provision of facilities. Gender discrimination has a direct effect on the productivity of women in the workplace. Gender inequality is a situation in which people are treated differently based on their gender (Tajabadi, DowlatabadiE, & Mehri, 2014). Prejudice treatment of the companies toward men in the hiring process transmits the influence of gender discrimination. In Pakistan, gender discrimination is common in organizations that impact the development opportunities of women (Channar, Abbassi, & Ujan, 2011). Studies have found gender discrimination has a negative correlation with the productivity of employees (Hadi, 2013). It is argued that "professional and managerial women leaders are seeking opportunities to advance to top functions in their organizations and industries" (Kossek & Buzzanell, 2018). Discrimination in the process of promotions, facilitation and appointments leads to low morale that affects the performance of the female employees adversely. In terms of gender discrimination, Pakistan is ranked seventh in the South Asian continent (Channar, Abbassi, & Ujan, 2011). 

Aim of the study

The purpose of this study is to examine how gender inequality in organizations affects the performance of the discriminated employees. It reveals the negative role played by gender discrimination in the lives of the female employees as they get unequal opportunities or progress compared to the men. The survey of the female workers of the telecommunication organizations of Pakistan depicts the adverse implications of discrimination on their morale, enthusiasm and productivity. 

Statement of the problem

Career growth for women depends on equal opportunities for work, promotions and development programs provided by the organizations. Lack of access to jobs and limited chances of promotions undermine the potential of female employees (Davey, 2017). The majority of the women in the Pakistani organizations spend their time and energy at a mediocre level of jobs that minimize the chances of utilizing their potential capabilities. It is unfair for women to find unequal chances of progress and work in organizations based on gender differences. If they are provided equal opportunities for work, promotions and growth, they would work more efficiently and utilize their talents in the best manner. This study determines how gender discrimination is a negative factor that leads to low morale and enthusiasm among the women resulting in low productivity (Kossek & Buzzanell, 2018). If women are not offered equal opportunities for work, they would be unwilling to give their best to compete with the men in the industries 

Objectives of the study

To study the impact of gender discrimination on the performance level of female employees. 

To examine how the prevalence of gender discrimination in organizations undermines possibilities for the development and growth of female employees. 

To identify the implications of gender discrimination on the feelings of women. 

Scope of the study

This study targets the telecommunications industry of Pakistan by determining the prevalence of gender discrimination in two leading organizations Telenor and Ufone. The women of these organizations are targeted to explore the reality of gender inequality in hiring, facilitation and promotions and its impacts on the productivity levels. 

Research questions

RQ1: How gender discrimination affects the level of job satisfaction among female employees?

RQ2: How gender discrimination affects the morale and enthusiasm of female employees?

RQ3: How gender discrimination affects the productivity level and performance of female employees? 

Hypotheses

Ho: Gender discrimination reduces the level of job satisfaction among female employees. 

H1: Gender discrimination does not reduce the level of job satisfaction among female employees.

Ho: Gender discrimination lowers the morale and enthusiasm of the female employees. 

H2: Gender discrimination does not lower the morale and enthusiasm of female employees. 

Ho: Gender discrimination lowers the productivity level and performance of female employees. 

 

 

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