Earn Higher Grades With Instant Assignment Help.Ask Question!

Computer Network
(5/5)

router has multiple Ethernet and/or WAN ports/ Each Ethernet port has a MAC address, an IP address, and a subnet Each WAN port has an IP address and a WAN router uses RIP version 2 to find routes to remote networks

INSTRUCTIONS TO CANDIDATES
ANSWER ALL QUESTIONS

 General Considerations in Network Design.

Theory:

The idea of how packets travel down communication network links will require the understanding of the following functions:

  1. Router Functions:
    • A router has multiple Ethernet and/or WAN ports/
    • Each Ethernet port has a MAC address, an IP address, and a subnet
    • Each WAN port has an IP address and a WAN
    • A router uses RIP version 2 to find routes to remote networks
    • A router advertises all networks that its ports belong to, which is specified by the IP address and subnet mask. RIP version 2 supports VLSM (Variable Length Subnet Mask), which is the ability to specify a different subnet mask for the same network number on different subnets. VLSM can help optimize available address
    • RIP keeps a routing table of remote networks. The routing table associates a network (network ID and subnet mask or network bits) to the port that the router is closest to the
  • A router can have one default
  • When a router receives a layer 3 unicast packet, it checks the TTL field to see if the packet is to be forwarded. If the TTL field is greater than zero, it is to be forwarded. Otherwise, the packet is
  • If the packet is to be forwarded, it looks up its routing table to find the network

that the packet’s IP address belongs to.

  • If the network is found, the router forwards the packet out to that port that is closest to that network.
  • If the network is not found, the router forwards the packet to the default
  • If a default port is not specified, the router drops the
  • When a router forwards a layer 3 packet, it changes the destination frame address to the next hop’s layer 2 address. If the next hop is the destination PC, the destination frame address is changed to the destination PC’s MAC The source frame address is changed to this router’s outgoing port’s layer 2 address.
  • When a router receives a layer 2 broadcast frame, it drops the
  • A router also acts as a DHCP server for LANs that it connects
  • When a PC or wireless PC, which connects to a port on a router, sends a DHCP request, the router sends a DHCP reply back to the PC. The DHCP reply will contain information on what to assign he PC’s IP address, subnet mask, and default gateway. The default gateway is the IP address of the port that the

router receives the DHCP request. The subnet mask is the same as that port’s/ The IP address is next available IP address in this port’s network. DHCP packets are not shown to the user.

  1. Switch Functions:
    • A switch has multiple ports.
    • A switch uses STP to break loops in a switching
    • A switch keeps a MAC table. The MAC table associates a MAC address to the port that the switch can use to reach the device with this MAC
    • When a switch receives a layer 2-imocast frame, it looks up the frame’s MAC

address in its MAC table.

  • If the MAC address is found, then it matches to the port, and the switch forwards the frame out to that
  • IF the MAC address if not found, then the switch forwards the frame to all except the incoming
  • When a switch receives a layer 2 broadcast frame, it forwards the frame out to all except the incoming
  • A switch can have multiple
  • Each port can be assigned to one
  • Frames cannot go across VLANs.
  • Each port on the switch can be configured as a trunk
  • Each VLAN can be assigned to multiple trunk
  • A trunk port can be used to send frames from and to VLANs that are assigned to it.
  • When a switch sends a frame over a trunk port, it adds a tag to the frame specifying which VLAN the frame belongs
  • When a switch receives a frame from a trunk port, it removes the tag that is on the frame, and uses the tag to determine the VLAN to send the frame out
  1. Bridge Functions:
    • A bridge has two
    • A bridge does not have VLAN or trunking
    • All other bridge functions are identical to switch

 

  1. Hub Functions:
    • A hub has multiple ports.
    • When a hub receives a packet, it forwards the packet to all except the incoming port.
    • When a hub receives more than one packet at the same time, a collision occurs and both packets become

 

  1. Repeater Functions:
    • A repeater has two ports.
    • When a repeated receives a packet on one port, it forwards the packet to the other port.
    • Collisions do not occur inside a

 

  1. PC Functions:
    • A PC has one port that has a MAC address and an IP
    • A PC can send layer 3 unicast packets and later 2 broadcast
    • A packet from a PC can come from any layer 3 to 7
    • When a PC sends a layer 2-unicast packet, it automatically sends an ARP request to get the MAC address of the destination PC. An ARP reply is sent back automatically. This ARP process is not shown to the
    • When a PC receives a packet, it checks to see if the packet’s MAC and IP addresses match its port’s.
    • If they match, the packet has arrived at its
  • If they do not match, the PC drops the
  • A PC can use DHCP to automatically assign IP address, subnet mask, and default gateway from a DHCP server (router).
  1. Access Point Functions:
    • An Access Point has a port and a wireless
    • The port can be connected to another wired
    • The wireless port can be associated to multiple wireless
    • All Access Point functions are identical to hub
  1. Cloud Functions:
    • A cloud has multiple
    • Each border is a WAN port that has an IP address and a WAN
    • A cloud does not have a default
    • All other cloud functions are identical to router
Attachments:
(5/5)

Related Questions

Introgramming & Unix Fall 2018, CRN 44882, Oakland University Homework Assignment 6 - Using Arrays and Functions in C

DescriptionIn this final assignment, the students will demonstrate their ability to apply two ma

The standard path finding involves finding the (shortest) path from an origin to a destination, typically on a map. This is an

Path finding involves finding a path from A to B. Typically we want the path to have certain properties,such as being the shortest or to avoid going t

Develop a program to emulate a purchase transaction at a retail store. This program will have two classes, a LineItem class and a Transaction class. The LineItem class will represent an individual

Develop a program to emulate a purchase transaction at a retail store. Thisprogram will have two classes, a LineItem class and a Transaction class. Th

SeaPort Project series For this set of projects for the course, we wish to simulate some of the aspects of a number of Sea Ports. Here are the classes and their instance variables we wish to define:

1 Project 1 Introduction - the SeaPort Project series For this set of projects for the course, we wish to simulate some of the aspects of a number of

Project 2 Introduction - the SeaPort Project series For this set of projects for the course, we wish to simulate some of the aspects of a number of Sea Ports. Here are the classes and their instance variables we wish to define:

1 Project 2 Introduction - the SeaPort Project series For this set of projects for the course, we wish to simulate some of the aspects of a number of

Ask This Assignment To Be Done By Our ExpertsGet A+ Grade Solution Guaranteed

expert
joyComputer science
(4/5)
12 Answers Hire Me
expert
Robert DLaw
(4.8/5)
643 Answers Hire Me
expert
Dr Samuel BarberaStatistics
(5/5)
762 Answers Hire Me
expert
Tutor For YouEconomics
(5/5)
657 Answers Hire Me