What Is a Web Framework And What Are Its Types?

what is a web framework

The web development industry is exploding and there’s a lot of competition for your attention. You want to create an intuitive website without any coding knowledge and you are having a hard time figuring out how? Maybe it’s because you don’t know what is a web framework. Today web frameworks have changed programming and are now an essential part of almost every development process. Coding is present in every part of an application, and a web framework just simplifies it. You will see a lot of information on web frameworks on numerous websites, in books, and in blogs, but all you get is generic and unclear information – nothing but confusing definitions and tough terms that make your head spin.

But in this blog, we will give easy-to-understand information that will clear all your confusion regarding what is a web framework and why it is important.

What Is a Web Framework?

Web frameworks are a collection of components that help developers to create websites and web applications. In simple words, web frameworks are the backbone of any website. They provide an array of functionality that can be reused in different ways to suit your project, including routing, controllers, templates, and more. A web framework can dramatically reduce how much code you need to write by providing code for different functions already built-in. However, not all frameworks are created equal.

Why are Web Frameworks helpful?

A web framework is a code library that speeds up and simplifies web development by providing basic principles for creating stable, scalable, and persistent web apps. Web frameworks exist to help to develop a web application easier for developers. Consider it a means to construct shortcuts that can help you avoid writing code that is otherwise dull and boring. You may have built code to manage data validation for your web application, for instance. The web framework handles that for you so you don’t have to rewrite that code from the start every time you create a website or online service.

Different Types Of Web Frameworks

Now you have some idea of what is a web framework. Let us see its types now. There are mainly two functions of frameworks: to work on the server-side (backend), or on the client-side (frontend)

Server-side Frameworks

The server-side framework’s rules and architecture permit users to make simple pages, landings, and forms of various kinds. To make a web application with a well-developed interface user requires a more comprehensive range of functionality. Server-side frameworks manage HTTP requests, management, URL mapping, and database control, etc. These frameworks can enhance security and create the output data- facilitating the development process. Some of the top server-side frameworks are:

  • Django (Python)
  • NET (C#)
  • Symfony (PHP)
  • Express (JavaScript/Node.JS)
  • Ruby on Rails (Ruby)

Client-side Frameworks

Client-side frameworks do not handle business logic in the same way as server-side frameworks do. They work within the browser. As a result, you’ll be able to improve and build new user interfaces. Frontend and single-page apps may create a variety of animated elements. Each client-side framework has its own set of features and applications. For the sake of comparison, below are some client-side frameworks that all employ JavaScript as their programming language

  • Angular
  • React.JS
  • Vue.JS
  • Ember.JS

Common Web Framework Functionalities

Web frameworks provide functionality in their code or via extensions to finish everyday tasks required to run web applications. These functions involve:

  • URL routing
  • Managing and validating input forms
  • With a templating engine, you can create HTML, XML, JSON, and other product configurations.
  • An object-relational mapper is used to set up database connections and resolute data manipulation (ORM)
  • Cross-site request forgery (CSRF), Cross-site Scripting (XSS), SQL Injection, and other common malicious attacks are all threats to web security.
  • Session repository and retrieval

Advantages And Disadvantages of Web Frameworks

The most significant benefits for web developers that utilize a web framework are that it is open source, fast, has a strong support, secure, and offers an integration function.

Web frameworks are particularly cost efficient for both the programmer and the customer because they are open source. This isn’t to say they’re not of high quality. The majority of widely used web frameworks are available for free. Another significant benefit for web developers is their efficiency. This is because web frameworks minimize the need for developers to write a lot of repetitious code, allowing them to create websites and apps faster.

A web framework also includes strong security measures, so you can rest certain that if a problem starts, it will be dealt with by a team of specialists. One of the most useful elements of a web framework is its connectivity function, which allows developers to connect the framework to other tools such as databases.

However, developers frequently point out that one of the major disadvantages of utilising a web framework is that it is relatively limited in terms of creating modifications to the framework. 

Everything is limited, from coding approaches to design. For web developers, this might be a source of aggravation.

Another disadvantage is that learning the language behind web frameworks might be challenging for some programmers. They understand what is a web framework but don’t understand the language that supports it, making it difficult for them to completely comprehend the web framework itself.

Final Words…

Now you know what is a web framework and why this platform is best for providing the basic functions necessary for building and running a website. With this powerful tool, you can create an intuitive website without any coding knowledge. Web frameworks also help programmers to write code faster and with more efficiency. They are designed to speed up the development of websites and applications.

For many developers, eventually, whether they use a web framework or not is down to their personal coding choices. However, those who choose the web framework route find that generally, the benefits of the resource outweigh the drawbacks.

For more information about what is a web framework you can take our assignment help.

Frequently Asked Questions

What is a web Process framework?

Some of the characteristics related to web frameworks include web caching, database mapping and configuration, authentication and authorization procedures, and URL mapping.

Is Django a web framework?

Django is a Python web framework that allows the rapid development of safe and maintainable websites. Created by professional developers, Django takes care of most of the hassle of web development. so you can concentrate on writing your app without needing to reinvent the wheel.