Matlab vs Octave useful Comparison You Must Know

MATLAB vs Octave

Here in this blog, Codeavail experts will help you to know about MATLAB vs Octave in the detail.

Meaning of Matlab

MATLAB language is a numerical analysis environment as well as a fourth-generation computer programming language. It was developed in 1970 by Cleve Moler. It used for the administrator of the computer science department at the University of New Mexico.

Cleve Moler always wanted to provide his students with a better method to learn linear algebra as well as matrix calculation without having the use of FORTRAN (a traditional language for computing).

Uses of Matlab

With the use of Matlab, you can:

  1. Analyze data
  2. Create models as well as Applications
  3. Developing the use of Algorithm
  4. Matrix Manipulation

Meaning of Octave

Octave programming considers as a high-level interpreted programming language that is used for numerical computations. This is also known as an operationally critical threat, asset as well as vulnerability evaluation.

It was originated at Carnegie Mellon University in 2001 for the Department of Defense in the United States of America. It is a set of techniques that are used for risk assessment in the area of Information Security.

Uses of Octave

Octave can use in various fields such as

  1. It provides a command-line interface for solving linear & non-linear issues.
  2. For performing various numerical experiments
  3. Used for matrix computation also
  4. Use for the algebraic differential equations.
  5. It is available in 19 languages.

Matlab vs Octave

Matlab and Octave languages are both considered to be similar in many fields because they both are high-level programming language, which is used in the field of computerization such as matrix calculation as well as in algorithms. Apart from this, the difference between Matlab vs Octave can be expressed as under:


Matlab is considered as a matrix laboratory which is known as a language used for technical computing. While Octave is a programming language that is used for numerical programming.


Matlab was written in C, C++, as well as Java whereas Octave, was written in C, C++ as well as FORTRAN language.


Matlab has a better interface in comparison to Octave.


Matlab uses more RAM in comparison to Octave.


Matlab is not free, so it incurs a cost, whereas Octave is free.


Matlab provides an extensive set of tools to perform numerous tasks, whereas Octave depends on the syntax to perform any task.

Using the Empty File

While using Matlab, you cannot load any empty file, but it can be loaded in Octave.


Matlab doesn’t have the support of auto-increment as well as assigning operating. On the other hand, Octave is having proper support for auto-increment as well as assignment operators like i++.

So, we discuss the differences of Matlab vs Octave as well as the similarity between Matlab and Octave in many ways, like they both are helpful in high programming computing languages, which is used for matrix calculations as well as for other numerical factors.

How to run MATLAB program in Octave

Start the Octave program on your PC. That can be usually done using a command terminal. Locate to the specific directory where the Matlab program you want to run is located. 

By using the command like that:

cd home/matlab/files/

where “cd” is the change directory command and the specific file contain in files. Run the Matlab program on your computer by typing the command in the terminal. 

For example, to run the file code.m in Octave, you would type:


MATLAB vs Octave Error

There may be a difference in syntax between the file of Matlab and Octave file. Make sure you’ve fixed a difference between the code of the two programs, otherwise, you’ll encounter errors.

Final words for Matlab vs Octave

The whole study makes it clear that Octave is better than Matlab. The reason for it because Octave is free to use as well as its functions are also compatible with Matlab. It also assists some other high-programming language in making the functionality faster.

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