Artificial intelligence (AI) is the hottest topic in the world of technology. Moreover, it’s not only being aimed at solving one issue, there are many problems that can be solved by AI. One such problem is sorting out and identifying patterns in a large amount of data.
In order to analyze this large amount of data and identify patterns, algorithms are used. These algorithms are machine learning algorithms which have various applications in different fields of life. There are different types of Machine learning algorithms. All these algorithms we are going to discuss one by one.
Machine learning algorithms are the future of AI, and that’s not just because they make it easier for those who don’t have a computer science degree to code complex algorithms!
In this article, you will find a list of the 9 most popular Machine Learning Algorithms. These algorithms are used in various problems of machine learning, such as Classification and Regression.
Introduction To Machine Learning
Table of Contents
Machine learning is a branch of artificial intelligence that deals with the design and development of algorithms that can learn from and make predictions on data.
The main goal of machine learning is to automatically improve given results without human intervention.
Machine learning algorithms are mainly categorized into three types:
- Supervised learning,
- Unsupervised learning
- Reinforcement learning.
Supervised learning algorithms are used when the training data consists of both input and output values. The algorithm learns from the training data and produces a model that can be used to make predictions on new data.
Unsupervised learning algorithms are used when the training data only consists of input values. The algorithm tries to find patterns in the data and does not produce a model.
Reinforcement learning algorithms are used when an agent interacts with an environment in which it can perform actions and receive rewards for its actions. The algorithm learns by trial and error to maximize its rewards.
Top 9 Machine Learning Algorithms For Beginners
2. KNN Clustering
3. Decision Trees
4. Naive Bayes
5. Boosting (Adaboost)
6. K Nearest Neighbour
7. K-Means Clustering
8. Random Forest Recursive Adaboost boosting algorithm
9. FSVM (Support Vector Machine)
1. Linear Regression
Linear regression is one of the most popular machine learning algorithms for beginners. It is a supervised learning algorithm that can be used to predict quantitative values, such as prices or weights. Linear regression is a simple algorithm that can be easy to understand and implement. However, it can also be powerful and accurate.
Linear regression is a supervised learning algorithm that can be used to predict quantitative values, such as prices or weights. Linear regression is a simple algorithm that can be easy to understand and implement
2. KNN Clustering
KNN Clustering is a great machine learning algorithm for beginners. This algorithm is easy to understand and implement. KNN Clustering can be used for both classification and regression problems.
3. Decision Tree
Decision trees are a supervised learning algorithm used for both classification and regression tasks. The algorithm works by splitting the data up into smaller groups based on a certain criteria. Each group is then split up again and again until each group only contains one label.
Decision trees are easy to interpret and can be used to explain the decisions made by other machine learning models. They are also relatively simple to construct and can be used with datasets that have missing values. However, decision trees can be overfit to training data and do not work well with high-dimensional data.
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4. Naive Bayes
Naive Bayes is a machine learning algorithm that is used for classification. It is a supervised learning algorithm, which means that it requires a training dataset in order to learn. Naive Bayes is a simple and effective algorithm that can be used for a variety of tasks such as spam filtering and text classification.
The Naive Bayes algorithm is based on the principle of conditional probability. This means that the probability of an event occurring (in this case, a particular class being predicted) depends on the prior probabilities of other events (in this case, the other classes in the training data).
The Naive Bayes algorithm makes the assumption that all of the features in the training data are independent of each other. This assumption simplifies the calculation of probabilities, but it also means that the algorithm may not be accurate if there are dependencies between features.
Despite its simplicity, Naive Bayes can be very effective. It has been used successfully for tasks such as spam filtering and text classification.
5. Boosting (Adaboost)
Adaboost is a machine learning algorithm that can be used to improve the performance of other machine learning algorithms. Adaboost works by combining multiple weak learners to create a strong learner. A weak learner is a machine learning algorithm that has poor performance on its own but can be improved when combined with other weak learners.
Adaboost is an effective algorithm for both classification and regression tasks. It is a popular choice for many machine learning competitions as it often outperforms more complex algorithms. Adaboost is also relatively easy to implement, which makes it a good choice for beginners.
6. K Nearest Neighbour
The k-nearest neighbor algorithm (k-NN) is a simple, yet powerful machine learning technique used for classification and regression. In both cases, the input consists of the k closest training examples in the feature space. The output is a class label in classification and a real-valued prediction in regression.
Despite its simplicity, the k-NN algorithm can be very effective in many tasks. It has been successfully used for facial recognition, credit scoring, medical diagnosis, and even industrial applications such as monitoring manufacturing processes.
7. Random Forest Recursive Adaboost boosting algorithm
Random Forest is a supervised learning algorithm that can be used for both classification and regression tasks. It works by creating a series of decision trees, each of which is trained on a random subset of the data. The final prediction is made by taking a majority vote of all the decision trees.
Adaboost is a boosting algorithm that can be used for both classification and regression tasks. It works by training a series of weak learners, each of which is only slightly better than random guessing. The final prediction is made by taking a weighted sum of all the weak learners.
The Random Forest Recursive Adaboost (RF-RA) algorithm is an ensemble method that combines both Random Forests and Adaboost. It first trains a Random Forest using the entire training dataset. Then, it uses Adaboost to train a series of decision trees on the residuals (errors) of the Random Forest predictions. Finally, it makes predictions by taking a majority vote of all the decision trees in the ensemble.
8. SVM (Support Vector Machine)
SVM is a supervised machine learning algorithm that can be used for both regression and classification tasks. The algorithm finds the optimal hyperplane that maximizes the margin between the two classes.
SVM is a powerful tool for both linear and non-linear classification. It has been shown to be effective in high dimensional spaces as well. However, SVM can be sensitive to outliers and doesn’t work well with data that is not linearly separable.
If you are just getting started in machine learning, SVM may not be the best algorithm to start with. However, it is still a good idea to understand how it works and what its strengths and weaknesses are.
9. QDA (Qualitative data analysis)
Qualitative data analysis (QDA) is a type of data analysis that is used to examine data that cannot be easily quantified, such as text or images. QDA is often used in fields such as market research, sociology, and psychology.
There are a few different methods of qualitative data analysis, including content analysis, thematic analysis, and discourse analysis. Content analysis is a method of analyzing text-based data by looking at the frequency of certain words or phrases. Thematic analysis is a method of identifying patterns in data. Discourse analysis is a method of analyzing how language is used in order to reveal underlying meanings.
QDA can be used to analyze both primary and secondary data. Primary data is data that is collected by the researcher, such as surveys or interviews. Secondary data is data that has already been collected by someone else, such as newspaper articles or government reports.
We hope that this article has given you a good overview of some of the most popular machine learning algorithms. Remember that there is no one-size-fits-all solution when it comes to machine learning, and the best algorithm for your project will depend on your specific data and objectives. Experiment with different algorithms and see which ones work best for your data set. Good luck!