Which are the Programming Languages Supported by Google Collaboratory

which are the programming languages supported by Google Collaboratory

Welcome to the world of Google Colab, where coding meets collaboration in a seamless online environment! Google Colaboratory, often referred to as Colab is a free, cloud-based platform that brings the power of Jupyter Notebooks to your fingertips. Which are the programming languages supported by Google Collaboratory? While Python takes center stage as the primary language, Colab extends its embrace to a variety of programming languages through its support for different kernels. Whether you’re a Python enthusiast, an R statistician, a Julia aficionado, or a Java proponent, Colab provides a collaborative space for diverse programmers. 

Join us on a journey through the versatility of Colab as we explore its support for languages like Swift, Go, Kotlin, and more, making coding accessible and collaborative for everyone. Let’s dive into the collaborative coding experience with Google Colab!

What is Google Colaboratory?

Google Colaboratory, often referred to as Colab, is a cloud-based platform provided by Google for collaborative coding and data analysis. It offers a free, interactive computing environment where users can write and execute code in a web-based interface. Colab supports various programming languages, with a primary focus on Python, making it particularly popular for data science and machine learning projects. The platform provides access to powerful computing resources, including GPUs, and facilitates real-time collaboration, enabling multiple users to work together on the same document in a seamless and efficient manner.

Why Use Google Colaboratory in Programming Languages?

Google Colaboratory, or Colab, offers a compelling environment for programming languages, and here are some reasons why it’s widely embraced:

1. Cloud-Based Convenience

Colab operates entirely in the cloud, eliminating the need for local installations. This makes it accessible from any device with an internet connection, streamlining collaboration and ensuring consistency across different setups.

2. Free GPU Access

Colab provides free access to Graphics Processing Units (GPUs) and Tensor Processing Units (TPUs). This is a game-changer for machine learning tasks, as it allows users to accelerate their computations without the need for expensive hardware.

3. Jupyter Notebook Integration

Built on the Jupyter Notebook framework, Colab inherits its interactive and visual appeal. Users can seamlessly blend code, visualizations, and explanatory text, making it an ideal platform for data science and research.

4. Collaborative Editing and Sharing

Colab supports real-time collaboration, enabling multiple users to work on the same notebook simultaneously. Additionally, sharing is simplified through links, making it easy to showcase or seek help on a particular code snippet.

5. Diverse Language Support

While Python is the primary language, Colab extends its support to various languages like R, Julia, Java, Swift, and more. This flexibility accommodates a broader range of developers with different language preferences.

6. Integration with Google Drive

Colab integrates seamlessly with Google Drive, allowing users to save and share their work effortlessly. This tight integration simplifies version control and ensures that your notebooks are securely stored.

7. Pre-installed Libraries

Colab comes pre-installed with a wide array of popular Python libraries commonly used in data science and machine learning. This eliminates the need for manual installations and configuration, saving time and effort.

8. Educational Resources:

Colab is an excellent tool for educational purposes. It’s widely used in classrooms and workshops to teach programming and data science due to its ease of use, accessibility, and the ability to run code without worrying about local machine configurations.

In essence, Google Colab simplifies the coding experience by providing a collaborative, cloud-based platform with powerful features, making it an attractive choice for a diverse range of programmers, from beginners to seasoned professionals.

Also Read: What is a Programming Language and Its Types

Which are the Programming Languages Supported by Google Collaboratory

Google Colab, short for Google Colaboratory, primarily supports Python as its main programming language. Colab is built on top of Jupyter Notebooks, which are interactive computing environments that allow users to create and share documents containing live code, equations, visualizations, and narrative text.

While Python is the primary language, Google Colab also supports other languages through its support for different kernels. A kernel is a computational engine that executes the code contained in a notebook document. Here are a few additional programming languages that you can use in Google Colab:


R stands as a versatile statistical programming language, acclaimed for its prowess in data analysis and visualization. In Google Colab, the support for R kernels enhances the experience for data scientists and statisticians, enabling them to seamlessly harness R’s robust capabilities. Its extensive range of libraries and packages facilitates tasks such as statistical modeling, data manipulation, and graphical representation, making it a staple in the toolkit of professionals dealing with data-intensive applications.


Julia, a high-performance language tailored for technical computing, finds a welcome home in Google Colab through dedicated Julia kernels. Users benefit from Julia’s exceptional speed and user-friendly syntax, making it an ideal choice for numerical and scientific computing tasks. Whether tackling complex algorithms or engaging in mathematical simulations, the inclusion of Julia in Colab broadens the scope for researchers and scientists seeking efficiency in their computational workflows.


Java, a stalwart in the programming world, seamlessly integrates into Colab through Java kernels. This support opens avenues for Java developers to delve into machine learning, data analysis, and various other tasks within the collaborative Colab environment. Leveraging Java’s platform independence and robust ecosystem, developers can seamlessly extend their expertise to new horizons within the Colab framework.


Scala, with its fusion of object-oriented and functional programming paradigms, finds a home in Colab, catering to users well-versed in Scala or those embarking on projects involving technologies like Spark. This support enhances the versatility of Colab, empowering users to engage in scalable and efficient data processing workflows with the expressive capabilities of Scala.


Swift, Apple’s programming language, brings its proficiency to Colab, providing users with a gateway to tasks related to iOS development, machine learning, and beyond. The inclusion of Swift in Colab facilitates a seamless environment for developers looking to leverage Swift’s safety features and performance advantages within the collaborative and cloud-based Colab ecosystem.


Google’s own creation, Go (or Golang), finds a natural fit in Colab. Recognized for its simplicity and efficiency, Go is a language of choice for various applications. With its integration into Colab, developers gain access to a collaborative environment where they can harness the strengths of Go for tasks ranging from system programming to web development.


Kotlin, a statically typed language running on the Java Virtual Machine (JVM), finds its place in Colab, offering a valuable asset for Android app development and other Java-related tasks. The synergy between Kotlin and Colab enhances the platform’s appeal, particularly for developers engaged in mobile application development and Java-centric projects.


Colab’s support for Matlab, a language entrenched in engineering, science, and mathematics, enriches the platform’s capabilities. Users can seamlessly integrate Matlab code within Colab notebooks, fostering an environment where numerical computing and algorithm development can coalesce with the collaborative features of Colab. This integration extends the reach of Matlab into the cloud, enabling users to leverage its capabilities in a collaborative and accessible manner.

It’s important to note that while these languages are supported to varying degrees, the level of integration and support for features may differ compared to Python, which remains the most comprehensive language in the Colab environment. Users can switch between different kernels to use the language that best suits their needs for a particular task.

Tips for Effective Programming in Colaboratory

  • Master Keyboard Shortcuts: Learn and use Colab’s keyboard shortcuts for faster navigation and efficient coding.
  • Optimize Code Cells: Break code into concise cells for better organization and readability.
  • Utilize GPU Acceleration: Enable GPU support when working on resource-intensive machine learning tasks.
  • Leverage Markdown Cells: Integrate Markdown cells for clear documentation and explanations within your Colab notebook.
  • Explore Interactive Widgets: Enhance user interaction by incorporating Colab’s interactive widgets for dynamic visualizations.


In conclusion, a nuanced comprehension of the programming languages supported by Google Colaboratory is not just a convenience but a crucial element in unlocking the platform’s full potential. Although Python undeniably holds the position of dominance within the Colab ecosystem, the platform’s embrace of other programming languages contributes significantly to its versatility. This diversity caters to a broad spectrum of users with distinct language preferences and specific project requirements, making Colab an inclusive space for collaborative coding and data analysis.

Python’s prevalence in Colab stems from its simplicity, extensive libraries, and widespread adoption, making it the linchpin for many users. However, the platform’s commitment to inclusivity shines through in its support for languages like R, Julia, and Scala, fostering a vibrant and diverse community of coders.