11 Most Popular Object Oriented Programming Languages

most popular object oriented programming languages

In the dynamic realm of software development, choosing the right Object-Oriented Programming (OOP) language is crucial for success. Whether you’re a seasoned developer or just stepping into the coding universe, understanding the landscape of popular OOP languages is essential. Let’s delve into the most popular object oriented programming languages and explore their unique features, applications, and the factors to consider when choosing the right one for your project.

Let’s make the coding universe a bit less complex and a lot more exciting!

What is Object Oriented Programming?

OOP, or object-oriented programming, is a way of writing code that organizes code around objects that hold data and action. In OOP, objects are instances of classes that serve as blueprints defining attributes and methods. This approach promotes modularity, reusability, and easier maintenance. Key principles include encapsulation, inheritance, and polymorphism, fostering a more intuitive and structured way of designing and implementing software. OOP enables developers to model real-world entities, enhancing code organization and facilitating the creation of scalable and maintainable applications.

Importance of Object Oriented Programming Languages

Object Oriented Programming (OOP) languages play a pivotal role in modern software development. Here are some importance of the most popular object oriented programming languages:

Modularity and Reusability

OOP promotes modular design, enabling developers to break down complex systems into manageable, self-contained modules (classes). These modules can be reused across different parts of the application, fostering code reusability and reducing redundancy.

Encapsulation for Data Security

Encapsulation ensures that the internal workings of an object are hidden from the outside world, enhancing data security. By restricting access to specific data and functionalities, OOP languages prevent unintended interference and manipulation of object states.

Inheritance for Code Organization

Inheritance facilitates code organization by allowing new classes to inherit attributes and behaviors from existing ones. This hierarchical structure enhances code readability, maintainability, and the ability to create specialized classes without duplicating code.

Polymorphism for Flexibility

Polymorphism allows objects of different classes to be treated as objects of a common base class, providing flexibility in code design. This feature simplifies code maintenance, promotes code reuse, and supports the development of systems that can evolve and adapt to changing requirements.

Easier Debugging and Maintenance

OOP languages promote cleaner code structures, making it easier to identify and fix issues during the debugging process. The encapsulation of data and behaviors within objects reduces the likelihood of unintended side effects, streamlining maintenance and updates throughout the software lifecycle.

Also Read: Programming Languages for Machine Learning

List of Most Popular Object Oriented Programming Languages

Discover the list of most popular object oriented programming languagesin 2024:

1. Java

Java is a versatile and widely used object-oriented programming language known for its “write once, run anywhere” philosophy. Developed by Sun Microsystems, Java has gained immense popularity due to its platform independence, making it suitable for diverse applications ranging from web development to mobile applications. Its strong emphasis on object-oriented principles, such as encapsulation, inheritance, and polymorphism, promotes code organization and reusability. Java’s extensive standard library and vibrant community support contribute to its robust ecosystem, making it a top choice for enterprise-level applications, Android development, and large-scale systems.

Example of Java OOP Language

public class Circle {
    private double radius;

    public Circle(double radius) {
        this.radius = radius;

    public double calculateArea() {
        return Math.PI * Math.pow(radius, 2);

2. Python

Python is a high-level, interpreted, and dynamically typed object-oriented programming language renowned for its readability and simplicity. Guido van Rossum developed Python with a focus on code readability and ease of use. Its object-oriented features enable developers to create modular and scalable code. Python’s extensive standard library and third-party packages empower developers to build a wide range of applications, from web development to artificial intelligence. Its versatility, combined with a large and active community, has made Python one of the most popular languages for beginners and experienced developers alike.

Example of Python OOP Language

class Rectangle:
    def __init__(self, length, width):
        self.length = length
        self.width = width

    def calculate_area(self):
        return self.length * self.width

3. C++

C++ is an extension of the C programming language with additional object-oriented features. Renowned for its efficiency and performance, C++ is widely used in systems programming, game development, and high-performance applications. Its object-oriented features, including classes, inheritance, and polymorphism, provide a powerful framework for building complex software systems. C++ is often favored for resource-intensive applications where low-level control over hardware is crucial. Despite its complexity, C++ remains a cornerstone in the programming world, with a significant impact on other languages and technologies.

Example of C++ OOP Language

#include <iostream>

class Square {
    double side;

    Square(double side) : side(side) {}

    double calculateArea() {
        return side * side;

4. C# (C Sharp)

Developed by Microsoft, C# is a modern, object-oriented programming language designed for building Windows applications and web services within the .NET framework. C# combines the power of C++ with the simplicity of Java, making it a popular choice for developers creating desktop applications, games (using the Unity game engine), and enterprise-level solutions. C# supports key object-oriented concepts like encapsulation, inheritance, and polymorphism, enhancing code organization and maintainability. Its integration with Microsoft technologies and tools, along with a strong developer community, has solidified C# as a prominent language for building diverse applications on the Windows platform.

Example of C# (C Sharp) OOP Language

using System;

class Program
    static void Main()
        // Declare and initialize a variable
        string greeting = “Hello, C#!”;

        // Print the greeting to the console

        // Use a loop to display numbers 1 to 5
        for (int i = 1; i <= 5; i++)
            Console.WriteLine(“Number: ” + i);

5. Ruby

Ruby is an elegant and dynamically typed object-oriented programming language known for its simplicity and productivity. Designed by Yukihiro Matsumoto, Ruby emphasizes developer happiness and follows the principle of “optimization for developer experience.” Ruby’s object-oriented nature is central to its design, promoting clean and concise code through features like mixins and metaprogramming. Ruby gained widespread popularity through the Ruby on Rails framework, which is widely used for web development. Its readability, flexibility, and focus on convention over configuration make Ruby a preferred choice for startups and developers seeking a balance between expressiveness and ease of use in their code.

Example of Ruby OOP Language

# Define a method to greet a person
def greet(name)
  puts “Hello, #{name}!”

# Call the method with a specific name

# Use an array and a loop to display numbers 1 to 5
numbers = [1, 2, 3, 4, 5]
numbers.each do |num|
  puts “Number: #{num}”

6. JavaScript

JavaScript is a widely used, high-level, and interpreted programming language primarily known for its role in web development. Initially designed to make web pages interactive, JavaScript is now a versatile language that runs on both the client and server sides. Its support for object-oriented programming, along with functions as first-class citizens, allows developers to create dynamic and responsive user interfaces. JavaScript is a key technology for modern web development frameworks such as React and Angular, and it has become an essential language for building interactive and engaging web applications.

Example of JavaScript OOP Language

class Animal {
    constructor(name) {
        this.name = name;

    makeSound() {
        console.log(`${this.name} makes a sound.`);

7. Swift

Developed by Apple, Swift is an open-source, statically typed programming language designed for building iOS, macOS, watchOS, and tvOS applications. Swift incorporates modern language features to enhance code readability and developer productivity. With a strong focus on safety and performance, Swift includes powerful object-oriented concepts like classes, inheritance, and protocols. Its syntax is concise and expressive, making it an attractive language for both experienced and novice iOS developers. Swift has rapidly gained popularity within the Apple development community and is considered a successor to Objective-C.

Example of Swift OOP Language

// Define a function to greet a personfunc greet(name: String) {    print(“Hello, \(name)!”)}
// Call the function with a specific namegreet(name: “Swift”)
// Use a loop to display numbers 1 to 5for number in 1…5 {    print(“Number: \(number)”)}// Define a function to greet a person
func greet(name: String) {
    print(“Hello, \(name)!”)

// Call the function with a specific name
greet(name: “Swift”)

// Use a loop to display numbers 1 to 5
for number in 1…5 {
    print(“Number: \(number)”)

8. Go (Golang)

Created by Google, Go, commonly referred to as Golang, is a statically typed, compiled language designed for simplicity, efficiency, and concurrency. Go’s object-oriented programming is unique, emphasizing composition over inheritance. It is particularly well-suited for building scalable and efficient systems, including web servers and distributed applications. Go’s simplicity in syntax and tooling, along with its built-in support for concurrency, has made it a popular choice for projects where performance and ease of development are critical.

Example of Go (Golang) OOP Language

package main

import “fmt”

// Define a function to greet a person
func greet(name string) {
    fmt.Printf(“Hello, %s!\n”, name)

func main() {
    // Call the greet function with a specific name

    // Use a loop to display numbers 1 to 5
    for i := 1; i <= 5; i++ {
        fmt.Printf(“Number: %d\n”, i)

9. Rust

Rust is a systems programming language that focuses on providing memory safety without sacrificing performance. Developed by Mozilla, Rust’s ownership system ensures memory safety by enforcing strict rules at compile time, reducing the likelihood of common programming errors like null pointer dereferences. While not purely object-oriented, Rust supports object-oriented concepts through its struct and trait system, allowing developers to create modular and reusable code. Rust is increasingly adopted for projects where low-level control over system resources is crucial, such as operating systems and game engines.

Example of Rust OOP Language

// Define a function to greet a person
fn greet(name: &str) {
    println!(“Hello, {}!”, name);

fn main() {
    // Call the greet function with a specific name

    // Use a loop to display numbers 1 to 5
    for number in 1..=5 {
        println!(“Number: {}”, number);

10. Kotlin

Kotlin, developed by JetBrains and officially supported by Google for Android development, is a statically-typed programming language that runs on the Java Virtual Machine (JVM). Kotlin seamlessly interoperates with Java, making it an excellent choice for Android app development and other JVM-based projects. Kotlin embraces modern programming concepts, including concise syntax, null safety, and support for functional programming paradigms. Its object-oriented features enhance code expressiveness and maintainability, making it a popular alternative to Java for building robust and scalable applications.

Example of Kotlin OOP Language

// Define a function to greet a person
fun greet(name: String) {
    println(“Hello, $name!”)

fun main() {
    // Call the greet function with a specific name

    // Use a loop to display numbers 1 to 5
    for (number in 1..5) {
        println(“Number: $number”)

11. TypeScript

TypeScript is a superset of JavaScript that adds static typing and other advanced features to enhance the development of large-scale JavaScript applications. Developed and maintained by Microsoft, TypeScript allows developers to catch errors during development, making it easier to build and maintain complex codebases. While JavaScript is not inherently object-oriented, TypeScript introduces strong typing and class-based object-oriented programming, providing a more structured approach to building scalable web applications. TypeScript is commonly used in conjunction with popular frontend frameworks such as Angular and React.

Example of TypeScript OOP Language

// Define a function to greet a person
function greet(name: string): void {
    console.log(`Hello, ${name}!`);

// Call the greet function with a specific name

// Use a loop to display numbers 1 to 5
for (let number = 1; number <= 5; number++) {
    console.log(`Number: ${number}`);

Future Trends in OOP Languages

1. Concurrency and Parallelism

Future OOP languages are likely to place a stronger emphasis on built-in support for concurrent and parallel programming, addressing the increasing demand for efficient utilization of multi-core processors.

2. Language Interoperability

There’s a growing trend towards languages that seamlessly integrate with each other, promoting interoperability. This enables developers to leverage the strengths of multiple languages within a single project, enhancing flexibility and optimizing for specific tasks.

3. Enhanced Safety Features

The future will see OOP languages incorporating advanced safety features to mitigate common programming errors, ensuring more robust and secure code.

4. Integration with AI and Machine Learning

OOP languages are expected to evolve to better support artificial intelligence (AI) and machine learning (ML) applications, facilitating the development of intelligent and adaptive software systems.

5. More Functional Programming Elements

OOP languages will likely continue to adopt functional programming elements, promoting a more declarative and concise coding style. This trend supports the development of scalable and maintainable software architectures.


In conclusion, the world of object-oriented programming offers a plethora of choices, each with its unique strengths and applications. Choosing the most popular object oriented programming languages involves a careful analysis of project requirements, team expertise, and future trends. Whether you opt for the timeless titan Java, the versatile charm of Python, or the powerhouse performance of C++, make sure your choice aligns with the goals and characteristics of your project.