200+ International Relations Research Topics: Finding Your Niche

international relations research topics

International relations, as a field of study, is dynamic, complex, and ever-evolving. It encompasses the intricate web of relationships, both cooperative and contentious, between nations and the multifaceted issues that shape our global landscape. 

The research conducted in this field is crucial for understanding the world we live in, as it sheds light on the forces that influence diplomacy, trade, security, and human rights on an international scale.

If you’re embarking on a journey into the world of international relations research, you’ve made an exciting choice. Choosing the right research topic is the critical first step in this endeavor. Your topic sets the direction for your research, influences the questions you seek to answer, and determines the potential impact of your work. 

In this blog, we’ll explore the art of selecting international relations research topics, providing guidance and inspiration to help you find your niche in this fascinating field.

As you delve into the intricate realm of international relations research, ensure your journey is guided by precision and expertise. Our Data Analysis Assignment Help service stands ready to support your quest for knowledge, providing invaluable assistance in analyzing the complexities that shape our global landscape.

How to Select International Relations Research Topics?

  1. Identifying Your Interests and Passion

One of the most crucial factors in selecting a research topic is your personal interest and passion. Your enthusiasm for a particular subject will drive your research forward and keep you motivated throughout the process. Do you have a keen interest in global security, international organizations, diplomacy, economic issues, or human rights? 

Reflect on your own experiences, background, and the topics that resonate with you. Your passion will make your research more meaningful and engaging.

  1. Relevance and Timeliness of the Topic

Relevance and timeliness are essential considerations when choosing an international relations research topic. The world is constantly changing, and certain issues gain prominence while others recede. 

Researching a timely topic ensures that your work remains current and contributes to the ongoing discourse. Pay attention to recent global events, emerging challenges, and evolving policies to identify topics that are both relevant and in demand.

  1. Scope and Feasibility of Research

The scope and feasibility of your research topic are practical aspects to consider. Your topic should be manageable within the resources and time frame available to you. 

Evaluate the availability of data, access to experts or primary sources, and the potential for conducting fieldwork if necessary. An overly ambitious or overly narrow topic can pose challenges, so strike a balance that aligns with your research capabilities.

200+ International Relations Research Topics: Category-Wise

International relations encompass a wide array of subjects. To help you get started, let’s explore some broad categories with examples of specific research topics within each:

Security and Conflict

  1. Nuclear proliferation’s effects on international security
  2. The role of intelligence agencies in international security
  3. Cybersecurity threats and state responses
  4. Arms control agreements and their effectiveness
  5. The implications of military interventions in Syria
  6. The dynamics of terrorism and its evolving nature
  7. Nuclear disarmament efforts in the 21st century
  8. The influence of non-state actors in international conflicts
  9. The rise of hybrid warfare and its impact on global stability
  10. Regional security dynamics in East Asia
  11.  The impact of emerging technologies (AI, drones) on military strategies
  12. Proxy wars and their implications for global security
  13. The role of international organizations in peacekeeping missions
  14. The evolution of counter-terrorism strategies post-9/11
  15. The relationship between arms sales and international conflict
  16. Religious and ethnic tensions in the aftermath of the Cold War
  17. The influence of climate change on security and resource conflicts
  18. Space militarization and its impact on international relations
  19. The role of private military companies in modern conflicts
  20. The politics of nuclear non-proliferation agreements
  21. Artificial intelligence’s place in combat in the future
  22. The South China Sea presents issues for maritime security
  23. The impact of proxy warfare in the Middle East
  24. Emerging security threats in the Arctic region
  25. The role of intelligence sharing in counter-terrorism efforts
  26. The use of military drones and their legal and ethical implications
  27. Disarmament and arms control in space
  28. The militarization of the internet and its consequences
  29. The psychology of conflict and the role of perception in international relations
  30. The implications of bioterrorism in the 21st century

Global Governance and International Organizations

  1. The effectiveness of the United Nations in promoting peace
  2. The European Union’s place in world politics
  3. Non-governmental organizations (NGOs) and their influence on international policy
  4. The impact of regional organizations on international relations
  5. The World Commerce Organization’s (WTO) function in international commerce
  6. Interventions for humanitarian causes and the Responsibility to Protect (R2P) principle
  7. The relevance of international law in a changing world order
  8. Climate agreements and their influence on international cooperation
  9. Global governance challenges in the 21st century
  10. The role of the International Criminal Court (ICC) in addressing war crimes
  11. The effectiveness of the African Union in addressing regional conflicts
  12. The impact of the G20 on global economic governance
  13. The role of BRICS in reshaping international power dynamics
  14. The United Nations Security Council reform and its challenges
  15. The influence of the International Monetary Fund (IMF) on economic policies
  16. Multilateral trade negotiations and their implications for developing nations
  17. The World Health Organization (WHO) and global health governance
  18. International cooperation in space exploration and resource management
  19. The role of global think tanks in shaping international policies
  20. The United Nations Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) and their progress
  21. The African Union’s role in addressing conflicts in Africa
  22. The effectiveness of the Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO)
  23. The influence of regional organizations on global governance
  24. The impact of the Paris Agreement on climate change mitigation
  25. The role of the International Labor Organization (ILO) in workers’ rights
  26. International responses to global health crises like pandemics
  27. The influence of non-state actors in shaping international policies
  28. The United Nations’ approach to peacebuilding and state-building
  29. The role of informal summits in diplomatic negotiations
  30. Global governance challenges in the era of AI and automation
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Diplomacy and Foreign Policy

  1. Public diplomacy and soft power in the digital age
  2. Economic Diplomacy and China’s Belt and Road Initiative (BRI)
  3. The role of diplomacy in resolving the North Korea crisis
  4. Diplomatic efforts in the Israeli-Palestinian conflict
  5. Cultural diplomacy and its impact on international relations
  6. Track II diplomacy and its role in conflict resolution
  7. The influence of diplomacy on international trade agreements
  8. The role of diplomats in shaping foreign policy
  9. Diplomatic relations between the United States and Russia
  10. The art of diplomatic negotiation and its strategies
  11. Track I diplomacy and official government-to-government negotiations
  12. The impact of diplomacy on the Iran nuclear deal
  13. The role of cultural diplomacy in enhancing international relations
  14. The diplomacy of humanitarian aid distribution in conflict zones
  15. Bilateral vs. multilateral diplomacy in addressing global issues
  16. The role of diaspora communities in shaping a nation’s foreign policy
  17. The impact of social media on modern diplomatic efforts
  18. Diplomatic tensions between the United States and China
  19. The influence of political ideology on foreign policy decisions
  20. Diplomatic relations and the recognition of states and governments
  21. Public diplomacy and cultural exchange programs in international relations
  22. Diplomatic negotiations in the Israeli-Palestinian conflict
  23. Diplomatic efforts in resolving territorial disputes in the South China Sea
  24. The role of diplomacy in addressing humanitarian crises
  25. Environmental diplomacy and international climate agreements
  26. The impact of economic diplomacy on trade negotiations
  27. Track III diplomacy and its contribution to conflict resolution
  28. The diplomacy of arms control agreements
  29. Mediation and conflict resolution in the Balkans
  30. The role of secret diplomacy in shaping international events

International Political Economy

  1. The impact of trade wars on global economic stability
  2. The role of multinational corporations in shaping international economic policy
  3. Sustainable development goals and their impact on international economic relations
  4. Economic sanctions and their effectiveness as a foreign policy tool
  5. Currency manipulation and its effects on international trade
  6. The role of global financial institutions in economic governance
  7. The economic consequences of Brexit for the UK and the EU
  8. The globalization of supply chains and its implications for international trade
  9. The economics of energy security in international relations
  10. The role of international aid in promoting economic development
  11. The economics of international migration and its impact on host countries
  12. The Belt and Road Initiative’s influence on global trade routes
  13. Trade disputes and the role of the World Trade Organization (WTO)
  14. The economic implications of Brexit on the European Union and the UK
  15. The role of sovereign wealth funds in international investment
  16. Currency exchange rate policies and their effects on trade balances
  17. The global impact of commodity price fluctuations
  18. Economic sanctions and their consequences for target nations
  19. The role of corporate social responsibility in international business
  20. The digital economy and international taxation challenges
  21. The economic consequences of trade disputes between the U.S. and China
  22. The role of trade agreements in promoting sustainable development
  23. Currency manipulation and its impact on exchange rates
  24. The geopolitics of energy resources and energy security
  25. The role of the World Bank in global economic development
  26. Economic dimensions of transnational crime and organized crime networks
  27. The influence of economic inequality on international relations
  28. The economic implications of Brexit on the European Union
  29. Economic cooperation and conflict in the Arctic region
  30. The economic aspects of humanitarian aid and development assistance

Human Rights and Humanitarian Issues

  1. The responsibility to protect (R2P) and intervene in cases of mass atrocities
  2. Human rights violations in conflict zones and international responses
  3. Refugee crises and their impact on international relations
  4. Humanitarian interventions and the ethics of foreign aid
  5. Gender-based violence in conflict and post-conflict settings
  6. The role of international organizations in advancing human rights
  7. The impact of the International Criminal Court (ICC) on accountability
  8. The plight of internally displaced persons (IDPs) in international relations
  9. Child soldiers and their rehabilitation in post-conflict societies
  10. Access to healthcare as a human rights issue in global politics
  11. The effectiveness of international human rights tribunals
  12. LGBTQ+ rights as a human rights issue in international politics
  13. Cultural relativism and its challenges in human rights discourse
  14. Human rights implications of mass surveillance and privacy violations
  15. Environmental rights and the impact of climate change on vulnerable communities
  16. The role of social media in human rights advocacy and reporting
  17. The responsibility of states to prevent and addressing human trafficking
  18. Indigenous rights and the struggle for self-determination
  19. The ethics of humanitarian aid distribution in conflict zones
  20. Child protection in armed conflicts and the impact on child soldiers
  21. The impact of human rights education on global awareness
  22. Human rights violations in conflict zones and the responsibility to protect
  23. The role of international criminal tribunals in achieving justice
  24. Minority rights and ethnic conflicts in international relations
  25. The protection of cultural heritage during armed conflicts
  26. Environmental rights and environmental justice in international law
  27. The challenges of upholding human rights during counterterrorism efforts
  28. The role of international organizations in addressing gender-based violence
  29. Refugee Protection and the Global Compact on Refugees
  30. The ethics of drone warfare and targeted killings in international law

Miscellaneous Topics

  1. The role of religion in international conflicts and diplomacy
  2. Soft power and its impact on international relations
  3. International perspectives on immigration and border security
  4. The influence of social media on global political movements
  5. Diaspora communities and their role in shaping foreign policy
  6. Environmental security and the nexus between climate change and conflict
  7. The role of historical memory and collective trauma in international relations
  8. Trade-offs between national security and civil liberties
  9. The relationship between education and global citizenship
  10. Ethical considerations in humanitarian interventions and disaster relief efforts

International Law

  1. The role of customary international law in modern diplomacy
  2. State sovereignty and the responsibility to protect (R2P) doctrine
  3. The impact of international law on territorial disputes
  4. The legal dimensions of cyber warfare and cybersecurity
  5. The development of international environmental law and conservation efforts
  6. The role of the International Court of Justice (ICJ) in dispute resolution
  7. International law and the protection of cultural heritage during conflict
  8. The challenges of enforcing international law in the face of non-compliance
  9. The impact of international treaties on environmental protection
  10. The role of regional human rights courts in international law

Conflict Resolution and Peacebuilding

  1. Track I and Track II diplomacy in peace negotiations
  2. The role of truth and reconciliation commissions in post-conflict societies
  3. Conflict resolution in the context of ethnic and religious conflicts
  4. The impact of third-party mediation in international conflicts
  5. The effectiveness of economic incentives in peace negotiations
  6. The role of civil society in conflict resolution and peacebuilding
  7. The challenges of post-conflict justice and reconciliation
  8. The influence of transitional justice mechanisms in post-conflict societies
  9. The contribution of peacekeeping missions to conflict prevention
  10. Reconciliation and post-conflict healing processes in divided societies

International Security and Defense

  1. The impact of emerging technologies on military strategies
  2. The role of intelligence agencies in shaping national security policies
  3. The ethics of autonomous weapons systems in modern warfare
  4. Nuclear deterrence and its relevance in contemporary international relations
  5. Civil-military relations in democratic and authoritarian regimes
  6. The effectiveness of arms control agreements in preventing conflict
  7. Defense policy and military spending in international politics
  8. The role of military alliances and collective defense agreements
  9. Asymmetric warfare and strategies for countering non-state actors
  10. The ethics of military interventions in humanitarian crises

Humanitarian Interventions and Disaster Relief

  1. The challenges of humanitarian access in conflict zones
  2. The ethics of humanitarian intervention in sovereign states
  3. Disaster risk reduction and international cooperation in disaster response
  4. The role of humanitarian organizations in refugee crises
  5. The use of technology in disaster response and early warning systems
  6. Humanitarian financing and funding mechanisms for crisis response
  7. The protection of civilians in armed conflicts and humanitarian law
  8. The impact of climate change on disaster risk and response
  9. The role of the United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA)
  10. The humanitarian impact of landmines and explosive remnants of war

Research Methodology: International Relations Research Topics

  • Once you’ve chosen your research topic, you’ll need to consider the methodology you’ll employ to investigate it. 
  • Your methodology includes the research methods you’ll use, data collection techniques, and ethical considerations. 
  • Ensure that your chosen methods align with the nature of your research topic and the questions you seek to answer.


Selecting the right international relations research topics is a crucial step in your academic or professional journey. Your chosen topic will shape your research, drive your passion, and contribute to the ever-expanding field of international relations. 

As you explore the vast landscape of potential topics, remember to consider your interests, the relevance of your topic, and the feasibility of your research. In doing so, you’ll embark on a rewarding journey of discovery and contribute to our collective understanding of the complex world of international relations.